Cuyahoga County ChildHood Integrated Longitudinal Data (CHILD)

Description:  Case Western Reserve University’s integrated data system covers children and young adults living in Cuyahoga County beginning with the 1992 birth cohort. Data from numerous agencies are linked at the individual level. Data sources include birth and death certificates, home visiting and early intervention, child care and preschool, early childhood mental health, elevated blood lead, child abuse and neglect investigations, child welfare placements, juvenile justice filings, TANF, SNAP, Medicaid participation, public school student records, homeless services, and jail data. Additional data sources are added as new agencies begin to work with the Center and become interested in seeing their data linked in order to address cross-sector policy issues and program needs.

IDS projects to Inform Policy

The Cuyahoga Partnering for Family Success Program

Summary: Cuyahoga County began work on the nation’s first county-level Pay-for-Success program in early 2015. A fact sheet summarizing the roles of each party stated the following about the Cuyahoga County AISP Network Site:

“The Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development at the Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University (CWRU) is a leading research center that uses its integrated child welfare and homelessness data systems to help the County, FrontLine and Third Sector Capital Partners, Inc. identify the size, characteristics and potential cost savings associated with the Program’s target families. Case Western Reserve will be responsible for implementing an independent rigorous evaluation to measure the impact of the Program over a five year period. The Program will use a Randomized Controlled Trial, the gold standard of evaluation to track whether the combination of services implemented by FrontLine produced meaningful outcomes for these families and cost savings for the County. Case Western Reserve will also implement a process evaluation during the first two years to help assess and improve the Program’s implementation success.”

Link to Project Reports: Cuyahoga County Partnering for Family Success Program

Investigating the Pathway to Proficiency from Birth Through 3rd Grade

Summary:  The purpose of this study is to examine how individual-, family-, and neighborhood-characteristics, social service receipt, mobility, and school experiences affect the development of child literacy. By using a cohort design, this study estimated the effects of these variables on two educational outcomes, kindergarten readiness (as measured by the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment-Literacy [KRA-L]) and 3rd grade reading proficiency (as measured Ohio Achievement Assessments [OAA]). Using an Integrated Data System (IDS), multiple data sources containing individual-level records for each child were linked. These included administrative records following children from birth to kindergarten (e.g., birth certificates, public services, child maltreatment, child care subsidy, pre-school attendance, and public school). Additionally, neighborhood-level data from the American Community Survey (ACS) 2009 were matched to each child’s census tract to measure the neighborhood condition. Participation in early childhood programs was shown to be associated with improved school readiness even after taking numerous risk factors into account. It also identified gaps in access to these programs for specific neighborhoods and groups. This study was sponsored by Ohio Department of Education (ODE) and Ohio Education Research Center (OERC).

Link to Project Reports: Investigating the Pathway to Proficiency from Birth through 3rd Grade

How Does Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice Involvement Affect High School Graduation and College Matriculation Rates in a 9th Grade Entry Cohort in Cleveland’s Neighborhoods

Summary: This project examines early adulthood outcomes for four cohorts Cleveland Metropolitan School District (CMSD) 9th graders. The study will explore whether youth with foster care and delinquency spells differ from their school peers in homelessness, jail system involvement, high school graduation, employment and college matriculation. Data are combined from three IDSs: a local IDS (the CHILD system), a state system (Ohio Longitudinal Data Archive) and a neighborhood indicators system (NEO CANDO). A coalition of agencies in Cleveland is working to improve services for system involved youth transitioning to adulthood. The data are being used by the coalition to identify risk factors, the schools and neighborhoods with the largest concentrations of at risk youth, and the points at which prevention efforts are likely to improve outcomes for these groups of youth. This study is being done in collaboration with the National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership and is sponsored by the Annie E. Casey Foundation.

Link to Project Reports: Completion date – 6/30/2015

Leveraging Integrated Data Systems (IDS) to Examine the Role of Housing and Neighborhood Conditions on School Readiness and Early Literacy

Summary: This study hypothesizes that early exposure to adverse housing and property conditions, at varying levels of spatial granularity, are contributing factors to a lack of school readiness and early literacy among children entering a big city public school system (Cleveland, Ohio). These effects are net of family socio-economic factors, potentially moderated by residential mobility and partially mediated by early exposure to trauma. The study merged two relatively unique data resources: (1) The ChildHood Integrated Data (CHILD) System and 2) The Neighborhood Stabilization Team (NST) integrated parcel information system. Using kindergarten readiness and attendance as the dependent variables, we will analyze their housing and other experiences retrospectively to birth as predictive factors. All statistical models will include a spatial component and take into account residential mobility and changes in housing conditions over time. This study is sponsored by MacArthur Foundation.

Link to Project Reports: Full Report, Report Brief

AISP Network Site IDS Case Study: Cuyahoga County

Creating a Community Resource to Evaluate Programs and Policies in Cuyahoga County

 Multi-site Research Project

Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare Data Crossover Youth